Gum Disease

What causes gum disease?

  • Smoke
  • illicit drugs
  • stress
  • diabetes or other diseases
  • taking certain medications
  • a genetic predisposition
  • poor nutrition

What is gum disease?

Gum disease occurs when the tissue that surrounds and supports the teeth becomes infected.

Types of gum disease: Gingivitis and Periodontitis.

Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease. It occurs when the gums become red and swollen. The gums may also bleed easily when they are brushed and it can cause bad breath. Gingivitis can be reversed by good mouth care.

If gingivitis is not treated, it may cause a more severe form of gum disease called periodontitis. Periodontitis may cause the area of the gum closest to the tooth to become weak. Spaces may form between the tooth and the gum, and these may trap germs, leading to even more swelling. Over time, the bone supporting the teeth can be lost, causing the teeth to become loose and possibly fall out.

What are the symptoms of gum disease?

  • inflammation of the gums (redness and swelling)
  • bleeding gums when you brush the teeth
  • bad breath or a bad taste
  • gums that are receding
  • sensitive teeth
  • loose teeth


Can gum disease be prevented?

gently brush your teeth and gums twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste. Even if it causes bleeding, brush twice a day. Floss every day and visit your dentist regularly for a check-up and cleaning.

Can gum disease be cured?

Gingivitis can be cured without permanent damage. Periodontitis can’t be cured, but it can be controlled. The bone loss may be very slow or stopped.

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